Routing for the Horde – A Response to Fakir and Soni’s Protest Mythology

Article by: Jay Schutte

The following critique is a specific engagement with a recent article by Ebrahim Fakir and Aayesha J. Soni that appeared in The Daily Vox on February 20th 2017. More generally, however, it concerns a wider journalistic bias in covering the current #FeesMustFall protests.

In their recent article, Free Higher Education Is Not a Universal Human Right, Fakir and Soni make a series of critiques against #FeesMustFall (FMF) and the Fallist movement. There is – to be sure – no problem with taking this position, unless of course one were claiming to be engaging in ‘objective journalism’, rather than generating (ultimately authorless) opinion pieces that posit virtually no possibility of debate or accountability. In using metaphorical language that depicts Fallists as being ‘spectres that loom large’ or having ‘ranks that are fracturing’, Fakir and Soni seem to be describing an amorphous, demonic horde in a military campaign against civilization, rather than a student protest movement. At least we can dispense with the myth of objectivity (which will surely serve as a defense against subsequent critique).

Their opening critique against FMF is bizarrely against its novelty:

“It is worth revisiting some key debates that #FeesMustFall and the fallists…have sparked over the last year. The first is that the #FeesMustFall movement has sparked something new, and worse still, that these protests are leading to something new.”

Firstly, why would it be a ‘bad’ thing for FMF to ‘spark something new’, and secondly, why would it be “worse still” for the protests to ‘lead to something new’?

Before addressing why ‘something new’ is even at issue, however, the authors inexplicably compare FMF to marginalized community protests, which have largely been neglected by the mainstream South African media. Here, the Fallists are sanctimoniously accused of making “particularist, special interest [claims], of benefit directly to them”, despite the fact that the media have chosen to neglect other protests. Here, the fundamental difference between FMF and other neglected interests remains unaddressed by Fakir and Soni – that the Fallist protest directly impacts elitist South Africa, while other, marginal forms of protest can largely be ignored.

With regard to these critiques, I do not know any Fallists who have claimed anything ‘new’ about FMF’s demands. Instead their concerns have centered on a promise made in the Freedom Charter, which was adopted in 1955, and enshrined access to free education as a human right. The date is important, since this foundational document in the struggle against apartheid was adopted in the same year as the Bandung Asia-Africa conference in Indonesia, an event where the decolonization of a still exploitative global political and economic order was proposed among newly decolonized and decolonizing nations. Largely, the FMF protests do not so much enshrine the Freedom Charter as they contest the failure of its promises. Instead they are calling out the tandem escalation of fees and economic racism that continues to further marginalize the already marginalized within a compromised, increasingly ‘free’ market educational model.

Furthermore, Fallists’ appeal to the Freedom Charter has, in fact, drawn popular support among the marginal communities whom Fakir and Soni have further marginalized in their writing. Thus, the Fallists’ claims appear to be neither ‘particularist’ nor ‘new’ – and that seems to be very much the point. In fact, the wider and perhaps more relevant provocation by FMF reveals itself in Fakir and Soni’s assumption of the ‘impossibility’ of free education in a ‘market economy’. Here, the authors naively take the economic status quo for granted in making what they imagine to be their own damning critique of Fallists’ economic ignorance – stopping just short of suggesting that the students do not in fact deserve the privilege of an education.

To be sure, if we continue to assume western economics as our default – an addictive system already proven to have failed, given how the endless accumulation and labor exploitation it necessitates will surely drive us to extinction – then free education certainly is impossible. However, this is ultimately where the stakes FMF’s radical critique lie, in that it opposes a bloated, top-heavy symptom of this unsustainability: South Africa’s knowledge industry (and yes it is an industry) and its dependency on, and perpetuation of, a wider debt-corruption complex: the more corruption extends into every theatre of commerce and governance, the more social debt is needed to sustain it, which ultimately leads to more corruption, more debt, and a widening gap between those who exploit these conditions and those who carry the burden of debt – usually carried on the shoulders of an aspirational (yet far from it) middle class teetering on the edge of financial oblivion because of unassailable debt. This is a center that should not, and cannot hold.

This is symptomatic of a neoliberal state and its organs, of which the university is certainly one among many. The university, however, becomes a key site of contestation precisely because, out of all of these organs, its student body and their governance are located at the intersection of privilege and inequality. It is for this reason that the university becomes such a visible site of protest and debate. This is what makes the FMF movement so dangerous and unsettling to already established interests. That it embarrasses them precisely because it reveals the contours of this debt-corruption complex in the very place meant to legitimate privilege: the elite university as validator of entitlement.

This kind of exploitation is certainly not only a threat to knowledge production in South Africa, but manifests itself globally in other guises, as all the universities of the third and developing world continue to chase the nightmare of American educational neoliberalization. However, if one were to take even a casual glace at the American educational system, the same fundamental flaws become apparent very quickly, as countless American scholars have observed. Here, my injunction to Fakir and Soni (whom I hope are reading) is this: The fantasy of enlightenment rationality you are enshrining through you’re a priori endorsement of a highly contested economic outlook, is the very root of a persistent liberal delusion that will destroy us all. Here, I would implore media outlets more generally to consider your critiques more carefully, and not window-dress them as objective journalism.

Jay Schutte is a PhD Candidate in Linguistic Anthropology at the University of Chicago. His work focuses on the political economy of language and the semiotics of intersectionality in China-Africa encounters.
Here is also a link to his webpage at UChicago’s MAPSS program where I he is a preceptor:



  1. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  2. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  3. Hi there, I found your web site by means of Google while searching for a similar matter, your website got here up, it seems to be great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  4. Spot on with this write-up, I actually think this website wants way more consideration. I’ll in all probability be again to read far more, thanks for that info.

  5. Thanks for all your hard work on this site. Kate enjoys making time for investigation and it’s really easy to understand why. We notice all concerning the compelling way you provide insightful tactics through your website and boost response from other individuals about this article so our favorite girl is in fact understanding a great deal. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You are performing a fantastic job.

  6. hi!,I really like your writing so much! proportion we be in contact extra approximately your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this space to resolve my problem. Maybe that is you! Looking forward to look you.

  7. Wonderful blog you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any forums that cover the same topics discussed here? I’d really love to be a part of online community where I can get advice from other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Many thanks!|

  8. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely helpful information particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was looking for this particular info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  9. I do agree with all the ideas you have presented in your post. They are very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too short for novices. Could you please extend them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.

  10. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  11. Hi there just wanted to say hello. The words in your post seem to be running off the screen in Firefox. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I figured I’d say this to let you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the issue resolved soon. Many thanks.

  12. Hey there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the excellent work!

  13. Heya! I realize this is kind of off-topic but I had to ask. Does operating a well-established blog such as yours take a lot of work? I am brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my diary on a daily basis. I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my own experience and thoughts online. Please let me know if you have any kind of recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  14. I’m now not positive the place you are getting your information, however good topic. I needs to spend some time studying more or working out more. Thank you for great information I used to be on the lookout for this info for my mission.

  15. I cling on to listening to the news bulletin speak about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i get some?

  16. Heya exceptional website! Does running a blog like this require a massive amount work? I have absolutely no knowledge of coding however I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any ideas or techniques for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off topic however I just had to ask. Kudos!

  17. Almost all of what you articulate is astonishingly precise and it makes me wonder the reason why I had not looked at this with this light before. This particular article truly did switch the light on for me as far as this topic goes. Nevertheless at this time there is one particular issue I am not too comfy with and whilst I try to reconcile that with the main idea of the position, permit me see what the rest of the visitors have to point out.Very well done.

  18. Generic Viagra Super Force [url=]Order Viagra Pills[/url] Propecia Treatment Impotence Cialis viagra levitra kaufen rezeptfrei [url=]Brand Zoloft Online[/url] Where To Buy Clobetasol Dermatosis Secure secure ordering isotretinoin amex accepted low price [url=]Online Generic Kamagra[/url] Kamagra Gunstig Bestellen Venta Cialis En Espana [url=]Levitra Where To Buy[/url] Comprare Cialis O Viagra Cialis Soft Generico [url=]Cialis Online[/url] Ordine Kamagra Generic Propecia 5mg Teilen [url=]Cheap Generic Zoloft[/url] Vip Rx Sales Propecia Nizoral Pattern Baldness [url=]Order Kamagra[/url] Viagra A Stomaco Vuoto Levitra Crea Dipendenza [url=]Sildenafil 20mg[/url] Kamagra Oral Jelly 50 Mg Baclofene Grenoble [url=]Can I Buy Cialis Online[/url] Diflucan (Fluconazole) Le Iene Viagra On Line [url=]Order Cialis In Usa[/url] Propecia Cheap No Prescription Buy Orlistat 120mg Online In Uk [url=]Clomiphene Online[/url] Baclofene Automedication Prezzo Levitra [url=]Clomid By Mail[/url] Acquisto Cialis Italia Cold Medicine And Amoxicillin [url=]How Much Is Viagra[/url] Kamagra Effets Derniere Plus [url=]Viagra 100mg[/url] Order Keflex Online Propecia Low Dose [url=]Viagra Discount Sales[/url] Levitra Biglietti On Line Buy Viagra No Perscription [url=]Cheap Viagra Online[/url] Orlistat Prix Obestat No Prescription [url=]Zoloft 50mg[/url] Achat De Viagra En Pharmacie Discount Isotretinoin Buy [url=]Ordina Zoloft Online[/url] Cialis Efectos Secundarios Fotos Torsemide For Sale [url=]Online Cialis[/url] Cialis 500 Pills For Cheap Price Viagara Canadian Pharmacies [url=]Order Pills Online[/url] Propecia Vente Libre Kamagra Fast [url=]Kamagra Cheap[/url] Priligy Generico Ajanta Pharma Kamagra Oral Jelly [url=]Generic Kamagra[/url] Drug Like Viagra But No Prescription Cialis Tiempo En Hacer Efecto [url=]Online Cialis[/url] Antabuse Disulfiram Side Effects Levitra Biverkningar [url=]Order Zoloft Tablets[/url] Clomid Order Advair By Mail [url=]Kamagra Jelly Forum[/url] Buy Cipro In Canada Where To Order Clobetasol [url=]Order Cialis In Usa[/url] Buy Cheap Propecia Uk Buy Wellbutrin Online Without Rx [url=]Purchase Accutane Online[/url] Acquistare Amiens Kamagra Online Viagra No Prescription [url=]Generic For Zoloft[/url] Finasteride 1 Mg Without Prescription Discount Progesterone By Money Order Tablet [url=]How To Order Cialis[/url] Prescription Free 2 5 Next Day Viagra Topical Amoxicillin [url=]Order Zoloft[/url] Tratamiento Propecia Levitra Vardenafil Generico [url=]Kamagra Price[/url] Want To Buy Discount Macrobid Secure In Germany Dutasteride For Sale [url=]Cialis Online Cs[/url] 3000 Mg Amoxicillin A Day Donde Comprar Cialis Internet [url=]Brand Cialis Online[/url] Does Amoxicillin Need To Be Refrigerated Cialis 10 Mg Precio [url=]Sertraline No Prescription[/url] Preisvergleich Cialis Cialis Sin Receta 2009 [url=]Buy Cialis[/url] Sexual Dysfunction Secure Ordering Isotretinoin Isotrex Tab [url=]Cheap Cialis Generic[/url] Viagra Cialis Ordonnance Online Synthroid Purchase [url=]Cialis Prices[/url] Ou Trouver Du Kamagra Pas Cher Comprar Viagra Sin Receta Propecia [url=]Cialis Free Trial[/url] Precio Cialis Farmacia Espana Achat Levitra Fiable [url=]Buy Cheap Cialis On Line[/url] Order Metformin Without Prescription Viagra Prix Pharmacie Paris En Dijon [url=]Zoloft Implicane[/url] Amoxicillin Shipping To China Acheter Du Cialis Securise [url=]Order Generic Cialis[/url] Commander Viagra Pour Femme Flibanserin Cephalexin And Itp [url=]How To Get Kamagra[/url] Priligy Prix A Paris Viagra Efectos Indeseables [url=]Buy Generic Zoloft[/url] Informacion Sobre Viagra Anxiety Medication In Canada [url=]Buy Zoloft On Line[/url] Cacdian Pharmacies Anitbiotics Viagra Per Cuore [url=]Viagra Pill[/url] Cialis Made In India Cephalexin Rash [url=]Clomiphene Cheap[/url] Buy now isotretinoin Alldaychemist Prescription Needed [url=]Can I Buy Cialis Online[/url] Viagra Danger Sante

  19. Low Cost Cialis Online [url=]Female Cialis[/url] Amoxicillin 500 Mg Novo Headaches Jumbo Loans Amounts that exceed conforming loan limits Year FixedRate Jumbo.haha on them its tru it will be sent to a dept company who you can arrange weekly or monthly payments that suit you Not them. [url=]direct payday lenders[/url] Many payday loan providers claim to offer same day funding.Okorocha Agrees To Recall Suspended Workers Thursday February BIAFRA TV Another group of questions abound.Buy Propranolol 40mg [url=]Cheap Cialis Tablets[/url] Cialis En La Farmacia Acquistare Kamagra In Belgio [url=]Fast Delivery Zoloft[/url] Cialis Dapoxetine Overnight Shipping Cialis Soft Tabs Online [url=]Nolvadex 20mg Price[/url] Keflex Without Prescription Over Night

  20. Osu Cialis Commander [url=]Cialis Online Pharmacy[/url] Atlantic Drug Store How To Use Levitra [url=]Kamagra Price[/url] Miglior Sito Per Acquisto Cialis Catalogo Propecia [url=]Order Kamagra In Usa[/url] Propecia Online Rx Cialis Generico Costo [url=]Prices Kamagra[/url] Keflex Stomach Viagra Rezeptfrei Berlin [url=]Need To Order Cialis[/url] Cialis 2 5 Mg Costo

  21. Propecia Prix Prix Propecia Pas Cher [url=]Accutane 60mg[/url] Buy Disulfiram Online Trouver Viagra Pas Cher [url=]Need To Order Cialis[/url] Vente Viagra Bruxelles Buu Online Generic Cialis [url=]Shop Zoloft Online[/url] My Canadian Orders Buy Generic Accutane No Prescription [url=]Viagra For Sale[/url] Vardenafil 20 Mg.No Prescription Propecia Usa Merck [url=]Buy Kamagra Online[/url] Want To Buy Dutasteride 0.5mg Stirling Canadian Online Pharmacies [url=]Cialis Free Trial[/url] Homemade Propecia Where To Get Viagra Online Forum [url=]Propranolol To Buy[/url] Viagra Drug Interactions Propecia Effects Shedding [url=]Cheap Cialis[/url] Effetti Cialis E Cocaina If you ever need to change this your Agent can be flexible and will help ensure that you stay on track with repayments.steven said I messed up and am now trapped in the payday loan cycle You should apply and give it a try. [url=]personal loans[/url] Bosch Air India refancies Toronto flights There is one big issue with that request though.How We Help You Break Free from Depending on Payday Loans Payday Loan Help in Canada Are you feeling trapped by your payday loans Do you feel like youve lost control of your pay cheques Maybe youre not sure what to do or what your options are. For Pros Unsecured loans Local Information for Neighborhoods Cities Get the best mortgage for your home Celebrity Real Estate Craig Donofrio lives in New Orleans where he writes about real estate and finance news.Rx Health Drugs Viagra [url=]Generic Zoloft Usa[/url] What Does Keflex Reaction Look Like Viagra E Aspirina [url=]Implicane Online[/url] Ou Trouver Cialis Sur Le Net Buy Generic Doxycycline Uk [url=]Ordering Zoloft Online[/url] Viagra Cost Per Pill Medicina Cialis [url=]Cheap Cheap Viagra[/url] Cialis Marca Viagra 25mg Generika [url=]Price Of Kamagra[/url] Xenical Canadian Pharcharmy Online Buy Cheap Viagra Online Uk [url=]Cheap Cialis No Rx[/url] Buy Domperidone Without Prescription Kamagra Alcorcon [url=]Viagra Sample[/url] Cialis Svizzera Senza Ricetta Where to order real isotretinoin drugs on line [url=]Strattera Buy[/url] Does Amoxicillin Treat Urinary Tract Infections Cephalexin For Tooth Abscess [url=]Buy Cheap Atomoxetine[/url] Propecia Effects Impotence Cialis Legal Deutschland [url=]Cheapest Cialis[/url] Swollen Tongue Amoxicillin Newborn Dutasteride Dutagen [url=]Purchase Viagra[/url] Eroxim Usa Levitra Dose Consigliata [url=]Sildenafil 20mg[/url] What Does Levitra Do Sildenafil Dosage [url=]Cheap Cialis And Viagra[/url] Levitra Foto Farmacia

  22. Sildenafil En Ligne 120 Mg [url=]Where To Order Viagra[/url] Stomach Upset With Amoxicillin Veneno Comprar Propecia [url=]Mail Order Cialis[/url] Suhagra 100 Free Shipping Propecia Effectiveness Testicular Pain [url=]Buy Kamagra Online Cheap[/url] Il Viagra Della Mente Cephalexin Dosing For Dogs [url=]Cheap Viagra Samples[/url] Where Can I Buy Cefalexin Online Comprare Viagra Online Sicuro [url=]Cialis Online[/url] Viamedic. Com Acheter Dapoxetine Usa [url=]Buy Cheap Cialis On Line[/url] Viagra Online Generic Fast Delivery Achat De Duretique [url=]Cheap Cialis No Rx[/url] Nurse Responsibility In Giving Amoxicillin Best Canadian Pills [url=]Viagra Online Fast[/url] Cialis Se Puede Comprar En Farmacias Amoxicillin Veterinary Use Cats [url=]Order Zoloft[/url] Viagra Potenzmittel Baclofene Molecule [url=]Buy Zoloft Online Usa[/url] Viagra Tipi Drug Levitra China Sale [url=]Cost Of Cialis[/url] Discount Sale Secure Progesterone With Free Shipping Jacksonville Pancrelipase [url=]Xenical Buy Online[/url] Priligy Wirkungsdauer Can You Take Expiered Amoxicillin [url=]Viagra Online Blue[/url] Dutasteride For Sale Dog Antibiotics Amoxicillin [url=]Buy Kamagra Gel[/url] Zithromax Time To Work Priligy Similares [url=]Kamagra Sildenafil[/url] Estrogen Without A Prescription Viagra Pharmacy London [url=]Strattera Versus Adderall[/url] Comprar Cialis 5 Mg Online Zithromax Allergy [url=]Cialis Online Prices[/url] Viagra Dosage Blood Pressure Medications For Sale [url=]Cialis To Buy[/url] Amoxicillin Treats Buy Prednisone Online Canada [url=]Kamagra Online Pharmacy[/url] Generico Viagra Farmacia Vidal Cytotec [url=]Generic Kamagra Buy[/url] Propecia Largo Plazo Achat Codeine [url=]Generic For Cialis[/url] Can Propecia Regrow Hairline Keflex Four Times [url=]Generic For Zoloft[/url] Propecia O Cialis Effexor Online Without Prescription [url=]Sildenafil Citrate[/url] Baclofen 25mgachat Baclofen Cialis Generika Per Paypal [url=]Price Of Kamagra[/url] Betnovate Levitra Achat [url=]Purchase Kamagra Usa[/url] When Will Alli Be Available Again 2014 Allergies To Amoxicillin [url=]Kamagra En Ligne[/url] Arzt Levitra Is Reconstituted Amoxicillin Still Good [url=]Cheap Cialis[/url] Tamoxifen Order Online Aricept Hong Kong [url=]Buy Cialis Cheap[/url] Come Utilizzare Kamagra Can You Buy Atarax Over The Counter [url=]Kamagra Online Cheap[/url] Buy Viagra Zenegra Impronta Kamagra Vendita [url=]Buy Generic Viagra[/url] Apcalis Kamagra Comprar Cialis Tadalafil [url=]Cheap Cytotec On Line[/url] Kamagra Test Plavix Online Coupons [url=]Buy Zoloft Uk[/url] Tadalafil Generic Best Prices Online Viagra Cialis Nebenwirkungen [url=]Generic Propecia[/url] Kamagra Oral Jelly Ervaringen Cheap Celebrex 200mg [url=]Buy Cialis[/url] Levitra Vorkasse What Is Viagra Jelly [url=]Buy Deltasone Online 20mg[/url] 24 Hour Amoxicillin Viagra Cialis Prostata [url=]Buy Cheap Generic Zoloft[/url] When Will Alli Be Back For Sale Cialis 10mg Boite De 4 Prix [url=]Cheap Cialis Online[/url] Amoxicillin Vag Itching Discount Dutasteride In Internet [url=]Buy Cheap Cialis[/url] Zithromax Tri Vendita Levitra Senza Ricetta [url=]Buy Generic Zoloft Online[/url] Isotretinoin Isotretin Best Website Cod Acticin [url=]Sildenafil[/url] Vmax Viagra Comprar Viagra Sin Receta En Andorra [url=]Implicane[/url] Zithromax Typical Dosage Buy Viagra Cheap Online [url=]Order Zoloft Online Usa[/url] Isotretinoin With Free Shipping Visa Identify Amoxicillin Capsual [url=]Cheap Viagra 50mg[/url] Cialis Kaufen Deutschland 5mg Generic Levitra [url=]How To Buy Cialis[/url] Propecia Efficienza

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.